Statements and Commands

Scripts are composed of a sequence of statements. Statements usually comprise at least one command and optionally control words such as if and then. A command is a single line of text starting with one of the command names listed in the Command Reference.

There are six types of statement. These are:
  • command statement
  • if statement
  • while statement
  • for statement
  • jump statement
  • script statement

In this topic:


Commands begin with one of the names of commands listed in the Command Summary. A command performs an action such as running a simulation or plotting a result. E.g.:
Plot v1_p
is a command that will create a graph of the vector v1_p. The syntax varies for each command. Full details are given in the Command Reference.

All commands must start on a new line or after a semi-colon. They must also end with a new line or semi-colon.

A command statement is a sequence of one or more commands.

Command Switches

Many commands have switches. These are always preceded by a '/' and their meaning is specific to the command. There are however four global switches which can be applied to any command. These must always be placed immediately after the command. Global switches are as follows:
  • /e Forces command text to copied to command history. Use this when calling a command from a script that you wish to be placed in the command history.
  • /ne Inhibits command text copying to command history. Use this for commands executed from a menu or key definition that you do not wish to be included in the command history.
  • /quiet Inhibits error messages for that command. This only stops error message being displayed. A script will still be aborted if an error occurs but no message will be output.
  • /noerr Stops scripts being aborted if there is an error. The error message will still be displayed.

If Statement

An if statement is of the form:
if expression then
if expression then
if expression then
[[elseif expression then
statement ]...]


if NOT SelSchem() then
echo There are no schematics open
exit all

if length(val)==1 then
echo {refs[idx]} {val}
echo Duplicate reference {refs[idx]}. Ignoring
if opts[0] && opts[1] then
let sel = 1
elseif opts[0] then
let sel = 2
let sel = 3

In form1, if the expression resolves to a TRUE value the statement will be executed. (TRUE means not zero, FALSE means zero). In the second form the same happens but if the expression is FALSE the statement after the else is executed. In the third form, if the first expression is FALSE, the expression after the elseif is tested. If that expression is TRUE the next statement is executed if not control continues to the next elseif or else.

While Statement

While statements are of the form:
do while expression
OR (alternative form)
while expression


do while GetOption(opt)<>'FALSE'
let n = n+1
let opt = 'LibFile' & (n+99)
Both forms are equivalent.

In while loops the expression is evaluated and if it is TRUE the statement is executed. The expression is then tested again and the process repeated. When the expression is FALSE the loop is terminated and control passes to the statement following the endwhile.

Script Statement

A script statement is a call to execute another script. Scripts are executed initially by typing their name at the command line (or if the script has .sxscr extension, the .sxscr can be omitted) or selecting a key or menu which is defined to do the same. Scripts can also be called from within scripts in which case the call is referred to as script statement. Note that a script may not call itself.

Exit Statement

There are four types:
exit while
exit for
exit script
exit all
exit while forces the innermost while loop to terminate immediately. Control will pass to the first statement after the terminating endwhile or loop.

exit for does the same for for-loops.

exit script will force the current script to terminate. Control will pass to the statement following the call to the current script.

exit all will abort all script execution and control will return to the command line.